God is Not a Puppet Master
Human society is one with many religions. Most of them have God as the center of their beliefs, and consider him as an active entity that grant wishes and do miracles in respond of prayers, giving punishment when his laws are not obeyed. There is a great tendency to think about him as a Puppet Master who pulls strings in human lives to make everything work. However, every time there is more evidence that the universe is set up to do the entire job by itself. The way of understanding how it all works is through science. Science offers us theories about many possibilities happening at the same time, different levels of reality, and how all the minds are interconnected in a global consciousness. All this sets up a complex network in the universe that works by itself, and has no need for a God to intervene.
The first thing to understand how the universe is able to offer us a chance to choose the outcomes is through quantum mechanics. There is a famous experiment called the Double Slit Experiment. Scientists sent subatomic particles through two doors and discovered that at a molecular level, they were able to be in two and more places at the same time. However, when they put an instrument to look at them and see how they were able to do that, they wouldn’t behave the same way, and they would choose an only path. This proved something important. When subatomic particles are observed, they make a choice. However, until then all the possibilities are there, happening at the same time. The presence of the observer makes a difference and influences the outcome.
Albert Einstein is an important piece in all this, and his Theory of Relativity was the first step into quantum mechanics, which is all about randomness. However, he was not happy with the fact that there is always a fifty percent change of things happening, offering two possible outcomes that are determine by an observer looking. Albert Einstein said: “God does not play dice with the World” (Hermmans 58), meaning that God determines the outcome of everything, leaving nothing to chance, and that the universe is not random, but deterministic. However, Stephen Hawking disagreed and said that “Not only does God play dice with the universe, he throws them where they cannot be seen” (Hawking and Penrose 26), meaning that the universe is all about randomness and that the future is not predestined. Curiously, this is exactly what God is about. The most common religious believe is that humans have free will. Free will involves the intrinsic possibility of changing an outcome, which is what quantum mechanics is all about.
One can argue that this randomness only happens in the quantum world, which means the world of subatomic particles, the world that we cannot see with the naked eye. However, experimental physicist Aaron O’Connell asks an important question. “If everything is made up of little particles, and all the little particles follow quantum mechanics, then shouldn’t everything just follow quantum mechanics? (TED: Ideas worth Spreading). To prove this, he has created an object, a computer chip, that has quantum properties, but that is visible with the naked eye. It is an object that when is isolated from external influences like people, light, and temperature, is able to be in different places at the same time. Aaron O’Connell says about this:
“The difference in scale between a single atom and that chunk of metal is about the same as the difference between that chunk of metal and you, so if a single atom can be in two different places at the same time, that chunk of metal can be in two different places, then why not you? This is just my logical side talking. Imagine if you are in multiple places at the same time, what would that be like? How does your consciousness handle your body being delocalized in space? (TED: Ideas worth Spreading)
Neurophysiologist Karl Pribram may have the answer to that. He states that “the objective world does not exist, at least not in the way we are accustomed to believing. What is “out there” is a vast ocean of waves and frequencies” (Michael Talbot 56). It is our brain that interprets this energy and makes us see what we know as a reality. “We can view ourselves as physical bodies moving through space. Or we can view ourselves as a blur of interference patterns enfolded throughout the cosmic hologram” (Michael Talbot 56). What humans can see with the human eye is only one level of reality that reveals itself as a hologram. There are many more realities that exist in the universe, but the only way to access them is connecting the mind to the global consciousness. Even though science has not discovered and effective method to control how to do that willingly (besides drugs like LSD), it has been able to offer a look into the outcome of joining a network of minds.
The Global Consciousness Project is “an international, multidisciplinary collaboration of scientists and engineers” (Global Consciousness Project) that is gathering data that shows how coherent consciousness creates order in the world.
“When human consciousness becomes coherent and synchronized, the behavior of random systems may change. Quantum event based random number generators (RNGs) produce completely unpredictable sequences of zeroes and ones. But when a great event synchronizes the feelings of millions of people, our network of RNGs becomes subtly structured. The probability is less than one in a billion that the effect is due to chance. The evidence suggests an emerging noosphere, or the unifying field of consciousness described by sages in all cultures” (Global Consciousness Project).
This means two things. First, human minds are connecting themselves in some way. Second, this connection affects how the world works.
One can argue that if all of this is true, science should be given the world a simple and scientific theory that explains how everything works and is connected a long time ago. However, Stephen Hawking explains why this may not be possible. A goldfish in a bowl with curve sides will have a distorted view of reality, but it could still make up some scientific laws to explain the movement of objects outside its bowl that will hold true. However, they would be more complex because the fish would not be able to access the reality that is beyond its bowl. The same happens with humans, and that is the reason why a theory of everything is not possible. Humans cannot see everything. “There seems to be no single mathematical model or theory that can describe every aspect of the universe. Instead, there seems to be the network of theories. With each theory or model, our concepts of reality and of the fundamental constituents of the universe have changed” (Hawking and Mlodinow 128).
In conclusion, there is no need for God to intervene and be a Puppet Master because everything is already working as a complex machine, whose different kinds of networks are deeply interconnected and governed by laws that will continue to be discovered by science.